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22.23路南九上各科期中真题.pdf

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发表于 2022-11-18 13:40:19 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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22.23路南九上各科期中真题.pdf内容摘要:2022-2023 学年度第一学期期中质量检测九年级数学试卷2022.11 注意事项:1.本次考试试卷共 25 个题,共 6 页,满分 100 分,考试时间为 90 分钟.2.用黑色钢笔答卷,答卷前务必将密封线内各项填写清楚. 得分阅卷人 一、选择题(本大题共 15 个小题,每小题 2 分,共 30 分,在每小 题给出的四个选项中,只有一项是符合题目要求的)考号 1.若方程 x2=m 有实数根,则 m 的取值范围是……………………………………【 】 A.m≤0 B.m≥0C.m<0D.m>0考场 2.下列是有关北京 2022 年冬奥会的图片,其中是中心对称图形的是…………【 】ABC D姓名 3.已知 x=0 是关于 x 的一元二次方程 2x2+3x+k﹣4=0 的一个根,则 k 的值为…【】 A.4B.﹣4C.±1 D.±4 4.如图,将△ABC 绕点 C 顺时针旋转 90°得到△EDC, 若∠ACB=20°,则∠ACD 的度数是………【】班级A.55°B.60° C.65° D.70° 4 题图5 题图 5.如图,AB 是⊙O 的直径,∠D=32°,则∠AOC 等于…………………………【】 A.158°B.58° C.64°D.116° 6.根据 4a=5b,可以组成的比例有………………………………………………【】 A:a:b=4:5 B.a:b=5:4 C.a:4=b:5D.a:5=4:b学校 7. 已知 a 是方程 x2﹣3x﹣1=0 的一个根,则代数式 2a2﹣6a﹣1 的值为………【】 A.1 B.﹣2C.﹣2 或 1D.2 8.关于 x 的方程 x2﹣6x+k=0 有两个不相等的实数根,则 k 的值可能是……【】 A.8 B.9 C.10D.11九年级数学试卷 共6页第 1页9. 在平面直角坐标系中,点 A(5,m)与点 B(﹣5,﹣3)关于原点对称,则 m=…………………………………………………………………………【 】A.-3 B.5C.3D.﹣5 210.已知 x1 和 x 2 是一元二次方程 x  3 x  2  0 的实数根,则 x1  x 2  x1 .x 2 的值为……………………………………………………………………………【】A.2B.﹣1C.1D.﹣211. 如图,已知⊙O 的半径为 6,AB,BC 是⊙O 的弦,若∠ABC=50°,则 的长是…【】A. π B.πC.10π D.12π11 题图12.如果在二次函数的表达式 y=ax2+bx+c 中,a>0,b<0,c<0,那么这个二次函数的图象可能是………………………………………【】AB CD13. 如图,AB、AC、BD 是⊙O 的切线,切点分别为 P、C、D,若 AB=5,AC=3,则 BD 的长是………………………………………………………………【 】A.1.5B.2 C.2.5D.314. 如图,Rt△ABC 中,已知∠C=90°,∠A=50°,点 D 在 AC 边上,线段 AD 绕着点 D 逆时针旋转α(0°<α<180°)后,如果点 A 恰好落在 AB 边上,那么α的度数是………………………………………【 】 13 题图A.50° B.60°C.80°D.120°15.已知抛物线 y  x 2  kx  k 2 的对称轴在 y 轴右侧,现将该抛物线先向右平移 3 个单位长度,再向上平移 1 个单位长度后,得到的抛物线正好 14 题图经过坐标原点,则 k 的值是……………………………………………【】A. 5 或 2B. 5 C.2D. 2 九年级数学试卷 共6页 第 2页得分阅卷人 二、填空题(本大题共 4 个小题;每小题 3 分,共 12 分.把答案写 在题中横线上)216. 函数 y  x  2 x 的图象的开口向.17. 已知⊙O 的直径是 4,圆心 O 到直线 a 的距离是 3,则直线 a 和⊙O 的位置关系是.18. 如图,已知点 D、E 在△ABC 的边 AB 和 AC 上,DE∥BC,AD=10,BD=5, AE=6,则 AC= . ADE B18 题图 C19 题图19.如图,在 Rt△ACB 中,∠ACB=90°,∠A=30°,CB=2,BD 平分∠ABC,点 P 为线段 BD 上一动点,以 P 为圆心,以 1 为半径长作圆,当⊙P 与△ACB 的边相切时,则 BP 长为.三、解答题(本大题共6个小题,共58分.解答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤)得分阅卷人 20.(本题满分 8 分)20.解下列方程:(1)(x+3)2=16;(2)x2﹣4x﹣3=0.九年级数学试卷共6页第 3页得分 阅卷人21.(本题满分 10 分) 如图,D、E 分别是 AC、AB 上的点,△ADE∽△ABC,DE=8,BC=24,AD=6,B  70  ,求 AB 的长和 ADE 的度数.得分 阅卷人22.(本题满分 9 分)已知二次函数 y=2x2+4x﹣6, (1)将二次函数的解析式化为 y=a(x﹣h)2+k 的形式. (2)写出二次函数图象的开口方向、对称轴、顶点坐标.九年级数学试卷 共6页 第 4页得分 阅卷人 23.(本题满分 8 分) 如图,以△ABC 的边 AB 为直径作⊙O,交边 AC 于点 D,BC 为⊙O 的切线,弦 DE⊥AB 于点 F,连结 BE. (1)求证:∠ABE=∠C. (2)若点 F 为 OB 中点,且 OF=1,求线段 ED 的长.得分 阅卷人 24.(本题满分 11 分)某小区计划用 40 米的篱笆围一个矩形花坛,其中一边靠墙(墙足够长,篱笆要全部用完) . (1)如图 1,问 AB 为多少米时,矩形 ABCD 的面积为 200 平方米? (2)如图 2,矩形 EMNF 的面积比(1)中的矩形 ABCD 面积减小 20 平方米,小 明认为只要此时矩形的长 MN 比图①中矩形的长 BC 少 2 米就可以了.请你通过计 算,判断小明的想法是否正确.九年级数学试卷 共6页 第 5页得分 阅卷人 25.(本题满分 12 分) 在平面直角坐标系中,二次函数 y=x2+px+q 的图象过点(﹣2,4), (1,﹣2), 与 x 轴交于点 A、B 两点(点 A 在点 B 左侧).(1)求该二次函数的解析式;(2)在二次函数 y=x2+px+q 的图象上有一个点 C,若满足 S ABC  3 ,求 C 点的坐标.(3)若一次函数 y=(2﹣m)x+2﹣m 的图象与二次函数 y=x2+px+q 的图象交点的横坐标分别为 a 和 b,且 a<3<b,则一次函数恒过定点,m 的取值范围是. 九年级数学试卷共6页 第 6页 2022—2023 学年度第一学期期中质量检测 九年级语文试卷 2022. 11考生注意:1.本试卷共 8 页,总分 100 分,考试时间 90 分钟。 2.答卷前将密封线左侧的项目填写清楚。 3.答案须用黑色笔书写。第二部分第三部分总分座位号题号第一部分 一二三四得分 二 二 得分评卷人 三第一部分积累 (1—4 题 21 分)考号 四1.在下面的横线上写出相应的句子。(9 分)(1)相见时难别亦难,。(李商隐《无题》)(2) ,而不知太守之乐其乐也。(欧阳修《醉翁亭记》)考场(3)见余,大喜曰:“!”(张岱《湖心亭看雪》)(4)“,。”一到中秋佳节,苏轼《水调歌头•明月几时有》中的这两句诗,总被人们用来表达对亲友的美好祝愿。姓名(5)《岳阳楼记》中,范仲淹假托古圣立言,发出了“ ,”的誓言,对后世影响深远。(6)国家主席习近平进行国事访问发表演讲时,引用李白《行路难》中的两句诗,班级寄语两国关系继续破浪前行:“, 。”2.给加点字注音,根据拼音写汉字。(4 分)(1)你是鲜妍,百花的冠冕 ..你戴着,你是天真,庄严,你是夜夜的月圆。学校(2)在刀法之交响中,投入一丝一毫的杂声,都是中伤 ..整个的和谐。(3)他们对圆明园进行了大规模的 jié lüè,赃物由两个胜利者均分。(4)精神的小屋须住进你爱好的事业,否则 lǐ dài táo jiāng ,不得安宁。 九年级语文试卷第 1 页 共 8 页3.下列文学、文化常识表述有误的一项是()(2 分) A.《周总理,你在哪里》用深情呼告直抒胸臆,表达人民喷涌而出的思念之情。 B.中篇小说集《儒林外史》主要描写明清时期读书人及官绅的活动和精神面貌。 C.“宴酣之乐,非丝非竹”中“丝、竹”指弦乐器和管乐器,“丝竹”泛指音乐。 D.《岳阳楼记》中“庆历”是帝王的年号,“谪守”指因罪贬谪流放,出任外官。4.请给下列语段排序,并回答问题。 ①但是,这些优秀并非万能,也不是一成不变的。 ②客观情况、周围环境即使发生一丁点儿变化,优秀也可能变成劣势。 ③一个人的知识、能力、优势都是后天点滴积累的结果。 ④我们要勤学不辍,做持之以恒的培优生,自强不息的奋斗者。 ⑤如果刻舟求剑、麻痹大意,更可能发生逆转,最终导致失败。 ⑥因此,不能让经验主义冲淡了规律,麻痹思想遮挡了双眼,从而败在了优势上。(1)你认为正确的选项是( )(2 分)A.②⑤①③④⑥ B.③①④②⑤⑥C.③①②⑤⑥④ D.②⑥⑤④①③(2)你的思考过程是:先明确总起句,然后关注一词,快速梳理出紧接其后的转折意;由“因此”一词所表达的关系,锁定总结语;由文意和“观点要明确”这一认识,理解了本文的中心论点是: (4 分) 第二部分 阅读 (5—19 题 39 分)得分评卷人 一、阅读下面这首诗,回答 5—6 题。(5 分)酬乐天扬州初逢席上见赠 刘禹锡 巴山楚水凄凉地,二十三年弃置身。怀旧空吟闻笛赋,到乡翻似烂柯人。 沉舟侧畔千帆过,病树前头万木春。今日听君歌一曲,暂凭杯酒长精神。5.诗的颔联运用了什么表现手法?表达了诗人怎样的心境?(3 分) 答:6.全诗中,诗人的感情是怎样变化的?(2 分) 答:___________________________________________________________________ 九年级语文试卷第 2 页 共 8 页 得分 评卷人 二、阅读下面的文字,完成 7—11 题。(14 分)李生论善学者王生好学而不得法。其友李生问之曰:“或谓君不善学,信乎?”王生不说,曰:“凡师之所言,吾悉能志之,是不亦善学乎?”李生说之曰:“孔子云‘学而不思则罔’,盖学贵善思,君但志之而不思之,终必无所成,何以谓之善学也?”王生益愠,不应而还①走。居五日,李生故寻王生,告之曰:“夫善学者不耻下问,择善而从之,冀②闻道也。余一言未尽,而君变色以去。几欲拒人千里之外,其择善学者所应有邪?学者之大忌,莫逾自厌③,盍④改之乎?不然,迨⑤年事蹉跎⑥,虽欲改励,恐不及矣!”王生惊觉,谢曰:“余不敏,今日始知君言之善。请铭之坐⑦右,以昭炯戒⑧。” (选自《第八届古诗文阅读大赛专辑》)①还:同“旋”,掉转身。②冀:希望。③厌:饱,满足。④盍:何不。⑤迨(dài):等到。⑥蹉跎:光阴消逝,事无进展。⑦坐:同“座”。⑧以昭炯戒:用来展示明显的警戒。7.解释下列句中加着重号的词语。(4 分)(1)或 .谓君不善学(2)王生益愠 .(3)而君变色以去.(4)请铭 .之坐右8.下面与“王生好学而不得法”中的“而”意思相同的是()(2 分) A.余强饮三大白而别 B.感极而悲者矣 C.杂然而前陈者 D.禽鸟知山林之乐,而不知人之乐9.把下列句子翻译成现代汉语。(4 分) (1)凡师之所言,吾悉能志之,是不亦善学乎? 译文:__________________________________________________________________ (2)夫善学者不耻下问,择善而从之。 译文:__________________________________________________________________10.从李生所说的善学者的特点中,选出你觉得自己做得比较好的两个。(2 分) 答:____________________________________________________________________11.你怎么评价王生“益愠,不应而还走”这个行为?(2 分) 答:____________________________________________________________________ 九年级语文试卷第 3 页 共 8 页得分评卷人 三、阅读下面的文字,回答 12—15 题。(9 分)最厉害的人是能自控的人①张飞之死,其实很憋屈:他不是在战场上慷慨赴死,而是被自己的情绪杀死了。听到好兄弟关羽被害,他首先就抑制不住哀伤,“血泪粘襟”;随后他借醉鞭打士兵,要他们日夜赶造兵器,想要马上为兄弟报仇;最后,部下范疆与张达忍无可忍,趁张飞在醉酒时,在军营里将他刺杀了。没人否认张飞的能力很大,能力这么大的人最后却得不到一个理想的结局。控制不住自己情绪的人,能力再大也无济于事。②现代跟古代不一样。在古代,不懂管理情绪至少还可以上沙场杀敌,只不过结局不一定好。现代人不讲暴力讲脑力,如果让感性情绪控制了理性思维,有可能连混下去都难。真正优秀的人,以做事为主,伤害大局的情绪摆在一边。③ 。梅西和巴洛特利的差异很能说明问题。巴洛特利天赋异禀,但脾气火爆。在训练时会与队员内斗,在比赛时会与对手球员、裁判甚至球迷冲突。而梅西则是球场上的谦谦君子。有人评论说,如果梅西也像巴神一样暴脾气,动不动就骂娘动粗,他一定少不了对方球员的报复加飞铲,最后在一次次伤病中无奈退下神坛。而事实是直至目前为止,巴洛特利还没拿过金球奖,尽管他已经不能称为神童了;而梅西依然是拿奖拿到手软的天皇。挥霍情绪十分有性格,但也是在挥霍自己的才华。而像梅西一样的人知道,与其将激情挥洒在外,不如省点力气,想想如何让自己变好。④能干的人并不是没有情绪,他们只是不被情绪所左右。“怒不过夺,喜不过予”,源于内在的自信与魄力。情绪易于波动、喜怒轻易形于色的人,与其说是坦率,不如说是缺乏内心历练。该隐忍时隐忍,该爆发时爆发,是一个人成熟的标志。⑤林肯做总统的时候,陆军部长向他抱怨受到一位少将的侮辱。林肯建议对方写一封尖酸刻薄的骂信作为回敬。信写好了,部长要把信寄出去时,林肯问:“你在干嘛?”“当然是寄给他啊。”部长不解地问。“你傻啊,快把信烧了。”林肯忙说:“我生气的时候也是这么做的,写信就是为了解气。如果你还不爽,那就再写,写到舒服为止!”心里产生负面情绪,需要疏导发泄,像林肯就用了写信的方法。⑥中国古人的境界要高一点,比如像孔子,直接就是“恕”字待之,恕己恕人。做不到这么高境界,就找一件心爱的事倾泻所有情绪。清代作家李渔的方法是写字:“予无他癖,唯有著书。忧籍以消,怒籍以释。”郑板桥更加直接。当他受官场挤压,郁郁不得志时,就提笔画竹。画完以后,心理舒坦了,画艺也越发纯熟,一箭双雕。⑦没有人天生就懂得控制情绪,真正能干的人,时刻留意不让自己栽在坏情绪中。 (本文有删改) 九年级语文试卷第 4 页 共 8 页12.选文开篇讲述张飞的故事,有哪些好处?(2 分) 答:13.结合上下文,在第③段横线处填写一个恰当的议论句。(2 分) 答:14.选文第⑤⑥段列举这些事例的目的是什么?(2 分) 答:15.请概述一件你克制情绪、化解矛盾的事。(3 分) 答:得分评卷人 四、阅读下面的文字,回答 16—19 题。(11 分) 智取生辰纲(节选)①老都管道:“既是有贼,我们去休!”杨志说道:“俺只道是歹人,原来是几个贩枣子的客人。”老都管别了脸对众军道:“似你方才说时,他们都是没命的!”杨志道:“不必相闹;只要没事便好。你们且歇了,等凉些走。”众军汉都笑了。杨志也把朴刀插在地上,自去一边树下坐了歇凉。没半碗饭时,只见远远地一个汉子,挑着一副担桶,唱上冈子来,唱道:“赤日炎炎似火烧,野田禾稻半枯焦。农夫心内如汤煮,公子王孙把扇摇!”②那汉子口里唱着,走上冈子来,松林里头歇下担桶,坐地乘凉。众军看见了,便问那汉子道:“你桶里是甚么东西?”那汉子应道:“是白酒。”众军道:“挑往那里去?”那汉子道:“挑去村里卖。”众军道:“多少钱一桶?”那汉子道:“五贯足钱。”众军商量道:“我们又热又渴,何不买些吃?也解暑气。”正在那里凑钱,杨志见了,喝道:“你们又做甚么?”众军道:“买碗酒吃。”杨志调过朴刀杆便打,骂道:“你们不得洒家言语,胡乱便要买酒吃!好大胆!”众军道:“我们自凑钱买酒吃,干你甚事?也来打人!”杨志道:“你理会得甚么!到来只顾吃嘴!全不晓得路途上的勾当艰难!多少好汉被蒙汗药麻翻了!”那挑酒的汉子看着杨志冷笑道:“你这客官好不晓事!早是我不卖与你吃,却说出这般没气力的话来!”③正在松树边闹动争说,只见对面松林里那伙贩枣子的客人,都提着朴刀走出来问道:“你们做甚么闹?”那挑酒的汉子道:“我自挑这酒过冈子村里卖,热了 九年级语文试卷第 5 页 共 8 页在此歇凉。他众人要问我买些吃,我又不曾卖与他。这个客官道我酒里有甚么蒙汗药。你道好笑么?说出这般话来!”那七个客人说道:“呸!我只道有歹人出来,原来是如此。说一声也不打紧。我们正想酒来解渴,既是他们疑心,且卖一桶与我们吃。”那挑酒的道:“不卖!不卖!”这七个客人道:“你这鸟汉子也不晓事!我们须不曾说你。你左右将到村里去卖,一般还你钱,便卖些与我们,打甚么不紧?看你不道得舍施了茶汤,便又救了我们热渴。”那挑酒的汉子便道:“卖一桶与你不争,只是被他们说的不好。又没碗瓢舀吃。”那七人道:“你这汉子忒认真!便说了一声,打甚么不紧?我们自有椰瓢在这里。”只见两个客人去车子前取出两个椰瓢来,一个捧出一大捧枣子来。七个人立在桶边,开了桶盖,轮替换着舀那酒吃,把枣子过口。无一时,一桶酒都吃尽了。七个客人道:“正不曾问得你多少价钱?”那汉道:“我一了不说价,五贯足钱一桶,十贯一担。”七个客人道:“五贯便依你五贯,只饶我们一瓢吃。”那汉道:“饶不得,做定的价钱!”一个客人把钱还他,一个客人便去揭开桶盖,兜了一瓢,拿上便吃。那汉去夺时,这客人手拿半瓢酒,望松林里便走。那汉赶将去。只见这边一个客人从松林里走将出来,手里拿一个瓢,便来桶里舀了一瓢酒。那汉看见,抢来劈手夺住,望桶里一倾,便盖了桶盖,将瓢望地下一丢,口里说道:“你这客人好不君子相!戴头识脸的,也这般罗唣!”16.《智取生辰纲》节选自 第十六回,原回目是“金银担, 吴用智取生辰纲”。(2 分)17.把杨志作为团队领导看,你觉得应从他身上吸取哪些教训?写出两点即可。(2 分) 答:18.一位同学们在改写本文时,发现第③段原作中多次出现“七个客人道”,想到这 次智取计策都是吴用的主张,就把两处改成了“其中吴用道”。请你判断这种改写 合适吗?为什么?(4 分) 答:19.古人写作,常是“草蛇灰线,伏脉千里”。根据你对这句话的理解和整本书阅读, 说说作者设定“白胜”这一人物形象进入智取团队的用意是什么?(3 分) 答: 九年级语文试卷第 6 页 共 8 页得分 评卷人 第三部分 写作 (20 题 40 分)20.作文。(40 分) 初中三年,你在熟悉的校园里,一定偶遇过某件特别的事、某个有趣的人,偶然发现了一处特殊的风景,收获了一份别样的体验。 请以“不期而遇的温暖 ”为题,写一篇文章。 要求:①内容健康积极;②表达有真情实感;③不要套写、抄写;④不出现真实的地名、校名、人名,不少于 600 字。 九年级语文试卷第 7 页 共 8 页 500 600九年级语文试卷第 8 页 共 8 页 2022—2023 学年度第一学期期中质量检测九年级英语试卷 2022. 11本试卷共 100 分, 考试时间 90 分钟。交卷时只交答题卡。 听力部分I. 听句子,选出句子中所包含的信息(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分)1. A. stayB. stateC. stand2. A. turned offB. put offC. took off考号3. A. 1924B. 1942 C. 19624. A. He has to move away. B. He refuses to move away. C. He doesn’t want to move away.5. A. You can see lots of rocks falling. B. It’s best to watch out for falling rocks.考场 C. If you are careful enough, you can find rocks. II. 听句子,选出该句的最佳答语(共 5 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 6. A. It’s interesting.B. Fine, thank you. C. That’s all right. 7. A. I have no idea.B. I can do it. C. Thank goodness! 8. A. It doesn’t matter. B. My pleasure. C. OK. Thank you. 9. A. Yes, I’m Kitty.B. Sorry, she isn’t in now. C. I’ll call her back. 10. A. Shall I call an ambulance?姓名 B. I’m sorry to hear that. C. Have a good time. III. 听对话和问题, 选择正确答案(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 11. What is the boy going to do?班级 AB C12. What’s John’s dream?学校 A BC九年级英语 第 1 页 共 8 页13. What did the girl think of the football match? A. Exciting.B. Boring. C. Funny.14. What was Tom doing last night? A. He was reading a book. B. He was watching TV. C. He was playing the piano.15. What was the giant like? A. He was friendly and helpful. B. He was clever and active. C. He was selfish at first but became warm-hearted at last.IV. 听短文和问题,选择正确答案(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 16. Where did the accident happen?A. In Chaoyang Park.B. On Chaoyang Road. C. Near Chaoyang Park. 17. How many people were hurt in the accident?A. Four.B. Five. C. Six. 18. Where did Einstein meet an old friend of his?A. In the street. B. In the hotel. C. In the office. 19. What did the friend want him to buy? A. A new hat.B. A new coat.C. A new scarf. 20. What do you think of Einstein? A. He is careful.B. He is serious. C. He is humorous.V. 听短文填空(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分)Information Sheet Name: Eric Job: 21. __________笔p.m.试 Go to bed: 22. at __________部 分 Problem: 23. a terrible__________in the head Advice:24. give up __________25. eat more __________ and beans九年级英语第 2 页 共 8 页VI. 单项选择(共 10 小题; 每小题 1 分, 满分 10 分) 选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。26. Do you think she’ll notice if I change my glass with_______? A. you B. herC. she D. hers27. It’s Lili’s third year in junior high school, she focuses her mind _______ her lessons. A. inB. on C. atD. with28. —Must you go? —Yes, I’m afraid I really _______. A. mustB. need C. can D. should29. Life is like a journey. _______ ahead, and you will see a lot more beautiful scenery. A. PlanB. To planC. PlanningD. Plans30. _______ she grew older, she became more and more active. A. BeforeB. As C. Because D. Until31. _______ may have a chance to take part in the activity if he is interested in it. A. SomebodyB. Nobody C. Anybody D. No one32. The thief ran out of the store and tried to _______ but he was caught by the policeman. A. put awayB. give awayC. take away D. run away33. You _______ a happy life if you think about good things. A. live B. lived C. will live D. have lived34. —Why are you so late today? —Three buses went by without stopping while I _______ at the bus stop. A. am waitingB. waitingC. have waited D. was waiting 35.—Do you know _______ ? — Yes, by taxi. A. how we’ll get to the train stationB. where the train station is C. when we’ll get to the train stationD. who will get to the train stationVII. 完型填空 (共 10 小题; 每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 阅读下面短文,从各小题所给的四个选项中选出最佳选项。 John has been a heavy smoker for over 20 years. However, he finally decided to 36 .So he paid a 37to a doctor to get some advice. The doctor told John he 38 tosmoke too. “When I first tried quitting (戒烟)” , he said, “I told myself that cigarettes areharmful to my health, dangerous to my 39and damaging to my job. After this fight inmy mind, I quit for a while. But several days later I would wake up again and40 aboutmy decision completely. ‘Maybe smoking is not so terrible41 I don’t smoke aroundmy family.’ I would rationalize (辩解).” He kept quitting but his excuse made him 42cigarettes again and again. Finally,he decided to try a different way . “I took a cigarette in my hand, looked at it and told myself: ‘Yes, this cigarette willmake me 43. I want to smoke it. But I will quit!’” the doctor said excitedly. 九年级英语第 3 页 共 8 页 “It worked, and I have not smoked a cigarette since. The reason I succeeded is that Ididn’t 44 myself into trying to think cigarettes are bad. I chose to control my desires(渴望).” “So be 45with yourself.” the doctor said. “Don’t pretend (假装) you dislikeplaying computer games or eating fast food. Instead tell yourself that these things are all fineonly if you can control your desire for them.”36. A. give it upB. set it offC. try it on D. take it away37. A. price B. fineC. visit D. respect38. A. decided B. usedC. tried D. stopped39. A. familyB. patientsC. petsD. neighbours40. A. think B. forgetC. talkD. learn41. A. but B. thoughC. soD. if42. A. make up B. give up C. pick up D. put up43. A. happy B. painful C. healthy D. tired44. A. changeB. bring C. leave D. fool45. A. gentleB. honestC. strictD. carefulVIII. 阅读理解 (共 10 小题; 每小题 2 分, 满分 20 分) 阅读 A、B、C 三篇材料,然后从各小题所给的四个选项中选出最佳选项。AMany years ago, a man was reading his morning newspaper. To his surprise, he saw hisown name in the obituary column (讣告栏). The newspaper made a mistake and reported thedeath of the wrong person!The man was upset (心烦) to read about his “death”. After he calmed down, he read therest of the obituary to find out what people said about him.There were sentences like“Dynamite (炸药) King Dies” and“He was the merchant(商人) of death.” He was known for inventing dynamite. When he read the words “merchantof death,” he asked himself a question: “Is this how I am going to be remembered?” Hedecided that he needed to make some kind of change in his life.From that day on, he started working toward world peace. His name was Alfred Nobeland he is remembered today for founding (设立) the Nobel Prize.The Nobel Prize has honored (授予荣誉) men and women from all over the world fortheir work in physics, chemistry, medicine, literature and world peace since 1901. Nobelwrote his last will (遗嘱) in 1895, leaving most of his money behind to fund (资助) theNobel Prize.46. How did the man feel when he read his “obituary”? A. Calm.B. Angry. C. Interested.D. Sad.47.What did the man do?A. He was a merchant.B. He invented dynamite.C. He was a king of a country. D. He wrote stories for the newspaper.48. What does the story teach us?A. It is hard to change past actions.B. The Nobel Prize is not easy to win.C. It is never too late to make a change. D. We should remember great people.九年级英语第 4 页 共 8 页 B Lots of kids don’t have perfect teeth, so don’t worry if yours aren’t straight. You mightjust need to see an orthodontist (正牙医生) who will tell you if you need braces(牙箍). Types of braces Metal braces are still used, but you might get braces that are the same color as your teethinstead. There are even braces that go behind your teeth where no one can see them. Thewires (金属线) used in braces today are also smaller, and they can straighten your teeth fasterand more easily. ________________________ Braces straighten teeth by putting pressure (压力) on your teeth over a period of time.The wires on your braces help to move your teeth, and the rubber bands (橡皮筋) help tocorrect the way your teeth line up. People wear braces for different lengths (长度) of time, but for most people it’s usuallyabout two years. Life with braces Braces act like magnets (磁体) for food, so you need to keep your teeth clean. You’llhave to stay away from some foods that are problems for braces, such as popcorn and candy.Sugary sodas (苏打水) and juice can cause a problem too, because the sugar stays on yourteeth and may cause tooth decay (蛀牙). Be sure to brush your teeth after meals.49. The braces that are used today _______. A. are cheaper B. no longer cause pain C. are harder to noticeD. are more colorful50. Which of the following would be a good title for the second part of the text? A. What braces are made of B. Why people need braces C. How to wear bracesD. How braces work51. What should you do when you wear braces? A. Brush your teeth after every meal.B. Take your braces off while eating meals. C. Drink sugary sodas and fruit juice. D. Use special brushes to clean your braces. 九年级英语第 5 页 共 8 页 C In the park, you see a group of people, all looking up at the sky. Without thinking aboutit, you look upwards, too. Why? In the concert, someone begins to clap and suddenly thewhole room joins in. You do, too. Why? Sometimes we feel we are acting correctly when we do the same as others. The morepeople follow an idea, the better or truer we think the idea is. It’s the social proof (社会认同感) that works. The scientist Asch carried out an experiment. It shows how socialproof can influence us. In a room, a man is shown Line 1, and next to itare three lines (A, B, C). A is longer, C is shorter and B is as long as Line1. He must tell which of the three lines is as long as Line 1. When theman is alone, he gives the correct answer B. Then, five other man enterthe room, and each of them gives the answer C as they were told to. Now the man changeshis idea and gives the answer C. Asch got the same result many times among differentsubjects (实验对象). Why do we act like this? Well, in the past, following others was a way to keep awayfrom danger. Suppose that 5000 years ago you were hunting (打猎) with friends. Suddenly,they all ran away. What would you have done? Would you have stayed? No, you would haverun, too. We are descendants(后代) of those who copied others’ action. It is so deeplyplanted in our mind that we still use it now. Social proof has special power. The advertising industry, for example, often makes useof it. So be careful whenever a company says its product is “the most popular”.52. At the beginning of the passage, the writer leads in the topic by _______ .A. telling a storyB. giving examplesC. answering questionsD. showing a map53. According to Paragraph 3, the experiment by Asch shows _______ .A. following others is always rightB. social proof may change people’s ideasC. it’s difficult to carry out the experimentD. people can study better if they are alone54. The underlined word “It” in Paragraph 4 refers to _______ .A. running with othersB. hunting with friendsC. copying others’ action D. doing something different55. According to the passage, we can infer(推断) that .A. it’s important to run with others anytimeB. products in the advertisement are the bestC. we mustn’t copy others’ action to keep safeD. we need to think twice before following others 九年级英语第 6 页 共 8 页Ⅸ. 任务型阅读(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)阅读下面短文,按要求完成 56—60 题。When a plane crashes (坠毁), the first thing people do is to ask, “What went wrong?How can we keep it from happening again?” At this point, someone will probably mentionthe “black box”. Actually, a plane’s black box is usually bright orange, because it is easier forpeople to find the box after a crash. Almost all the planes carry black boxes, and because ofthis, air safety has been improved.What is a black box? A black box is a data (数据) recorder. It records up to 300 differentkinds of information about a flight (飞行). For example, it records a plane’s speed. Also, itrecords things pilots say to each other and over the radio. This helps people know whathappens before a crash.In which part of a plane is a black box put? Many people are surprised to learn that ablack box is not in the front of a plane. Instead, it is in a plane’s tail.How do the recording devices (设备) inside a black box survive (幸免) in a crash? Ablack box is made of very strong materials (材料). This protects the devices in two ways. Itgives protections from the crash itself. And it protects against very high temperatures andfire.Why is a black box so important? A black box records important information. Without it,many questions about an accident could never be answered. The information helps peopleunderstand and explain what went wrong. As a result, plane makers can make changes so theproblem will not happen again.56~57 题完成句子;58 题简略回答问题;59 题找出并写下最后一自然段的主题句;60 题将文中划线句子译成汉语。56. A plane’s black box is usually___________________________ so that people can find itmore easily after a crash.57. A black box recordsabout a flight.58. Where is a black box put in a plane?59.60.X. 词语运用 (共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 阅读下面短文,在空白处填入一个适当的单词(有提示词的, 填入所给单词的正确形式)。 Beethoven was a very famous 61.(music) in the world. He was born62.___________Germany in 1770. When he was 63._________ child, his father64.__________(control) all of his life. He made Beethoven learn many 65.__________(ability), such as singing, playing the piano, composing music ... At the age of 26, Beethovenwas deaf 66.__________of a terrible illness. He could hear nothing. Beethoven did plenty of 67. (train). Step by step, he built his confidence again.He made his 68.(decide) to create more and more beautiful music. At last, hewas 69. (success). The Moonlight Sonata is well known in the world.Beethoven died in 1827. He will be 70. __________(great) missed.九年级英语第 7 页 共 8 页Ⅺ. 基础写作(包括 A、B 两部分,A 部分 5 分,B 部分 10 分,共 15 分)A) 连词成句 (共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 将所给词语连成句子,要求符合语法,语句通顺,大小写正确,词语不得重复使用。 句末标点已给出。71. photo, look, this, at___________________________________________.72. took, I, last, it, summer___________________________________________.73. a, there, in, garden, it, is___________________________________________.74. see, you, singing, can, the birds, happily ___________________________________________?75. beautiful, are, how, they___________________________________________!B) 书面表达(满分 10 分) 76.九年级学生面临毕业和升学的压力,自己可以支配的时间很少,在一次班会上 你们班进行了关于“是否读课外书”的讨论。请根据下面所提供的要点信息,写一 篇英语短文,谈谈你们班同学的看法,并且发表一下你自己的观点。 要点:1. 读书对我们的帮助:增长知识、放松自己、提高语言水平; 2. 不读书的理由:作业多,没时间; 3. 你自己关于读书的观点。 参考词汇:小说 fiction散文 essay 提示:1. 短文应包含所有要点,可以适当发挥; 2. 80 词左右(开头已经给出,不计入总词数); 3. 短文不能出现真实姓名和校名。 Recently, our class has had a discussion about whether Grade 9 students should readbooks after school or not . Some students think__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 九年级英语 第 8 页 共 8 页 2022—2023 学年度第一学期期中质量检测九年级物理试卷 2022.11题号 一 二三 四 总分 核分人得分 一、选择题(本大题共 15 个小题,共 33 分。1-12 小题为单选,每小题 2 分;13-15 小题为多选,全选对的得 3 分,选对但不全的得 2 分,有错选或不选的不得分。) 1.电路中有持续电流的条件是考号A.电路中必须有电源 B.电路是闭合的C.电路中有电源,且有用电器 D.电路中有电源,且电路闭合 2.下列现象中能说明分子在做无规则运动的是A.公路上大雾弥漫 B.刮风时尘土飞扬考场C.湖面上水波荡漾 D.公园里花香扑鼻 3.下列实例中,属于通过热传递改变物体内能的是A.搓手会发热B.用冷水冷却热鸡蛋C.钻木取火 D.磨刀时刀的温度会升高 4.我国长征五号运载火箭使用低温液氧、液氢组合推进剂,单位质量的燃料释放的能量多,是因为液态氢具有姓名A.较大的比热容 B.较低的沸点C.较高的凝固点 D.较大的热值 5. 关 于 物 体 的内能,下列说法中正确的是A.一切物体都具有内能B.物体的内能增加,温度一定升高C.0℃时物体没有内能D.物体温度升高,一定吸收了热量班级 6. 水的比热容较大,人们往往利用它的这一特性为生活、生产服务,下列事例中与它的这一特性无关的是A. 让流动的热水流过散热器供暖 B. 沿海地区的气温比内陆变化小C. 夜晚向稻田里放水以防冻坏秧苗 D. 夏天洒水降温 7.如图所示是滑动变阻器的结构和连入电路的示意图,当滑片 P 向右滑动时,连入电路电阻变大的是学校 A BCD 7 题图九年级物理试卷第 1页共 7页8.手电筒的结构如图所示,按下按键时,电路接通小灯泡发光。该手电筒的电路图如下,图中正确的是题8图 A L1 A19. 如图所示的实验电路,闭合开关 S 后,电流表 A 的示数为 0.5A,电流表 A1 的示数为 0.3A,则通过灯泡 L1、 L2L2 的电流分别是 SA. 0.3A 0.2AB. 0.2A 0.3AC. 0.5A 0.3AD. 0.5A 0.2A 9 题图10.下列选项可能符合汽车热机能量流向的是10题图11.如图所示,电源电压不变,两只电表均完好,开关 S 闭合后,两只L1L2灯都不亮,电流表无示数,电压表有示数,则电路的故障可能是A.灯泡 L1 断路 B.灯泡 L2 断路 A VC.灯泡 L1 短路 D.灯泡 L2 短路 S12. 家庭卫生间一般都要安装照明灯和换气扇。使用时,有时需要 11 题图各自独立工作, 有时需要同时工作,如图所示的电路中,符溶 沉合上述要求的是 淀质L LL L量MS1 12 题图MM M溶 S沉2S2 S2 S1 淀 S1S溶 沉淀质溶 沉 溶 沉 220V量溶 沉 淀 220V溶 沉 220V 溶 沉 质220V 溶 沉 淀 淀溶 沉 A淀溶 沉 B淀 质溶 沉C 质 质 D量淀淀 淀 淀13. 质 溶沉淀质质 溶沉淀质如图所示,在一个配有活塞的厚玻璃筒里放一小团硝化棉,把活塞迅速压下去, 量量 量质 溶沉淀 量 溶沉淀 质量量量 质 量 质 量 质看到硝化棉燃烧起来,活塞被向上顶起。关于这个过程下列说法正确的是 质量 量量 量A.活塞对硝化棉做功,使硝化棉温度升高B.活塞压缩空气做功,空气内能增大温度升高C.压下活塞的过程是内能转化为机械能D.活塞被向上顶起相当于内燃机的做功冲程 13 题图 九年级物理试卷第 2页共 7页 I/A 14.如图所示是 R1 和 R2 的 I-U 图象,由图可知0.20 A.R1
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