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人教版初中英语七年级下教学详案UNIT 3 Period 4 (Section B 2a-Self Check).docx

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人教版初中英语七年级下教学详案UNIT 3 Period 4 (Section B 2a-Self Check).docx内容摘要:Period 4 (Section B 2a-Self Check)设计说明本课时的重点是阅读教学。重点培养学生的阅读能力和对文章的信息理解能力。在教学设计上注重知识性与趣味性并重的原则,利用声、像等多媒体教学手段来激发学生学习的兴趣和热情。对阅读能力的培养蕴含于设计的教学任务中,学生通过合作探究的学习方式高效地完成教师所布置的阅读任务;对重难点精讲,引导学生自觉地参与教学过程,在小组合作中归纳知识点,掌握重点句型。教学目标1. 知识目标:(1)掌握单词和短语:cross,river,many,village,between,bridge,boat,ropeway,year,afraid,like,villager,leave,dream,true;between...and...,come true。(2)掌握句型:Do you walk or ride a bike?For many students,it is easy to get to school.There is a very big river between their school and the village.It is their dream to have a bridge.Can their dream come true?2. 能力目标:学习阅读方法,根据问题查找有用信息。3. 情感目标:关注偏远地区孩子上学艰苦,懂得珍惜自己的生活和学习条件,从而更努力地学习。重点难点1. 重点:(1)掌握本课时单词、短语和句型。(2)了解并能谈论不同地区人们的出行方式。2. 难点:(1)There be 句型的用法。(2)it 作形式主语的用法。教学准备多媒体课件,2b的音频文件。教学过程 Step 1 Revision & Warming up 1. Have a dictation of the following words and expressions:sixty,seventy,eighty,ninety,hundred,minute,kilometer,live,take the train,take the bus,take the subway,ride a bike,have a good day. 2. Check the homework. T:I will ask one student to read his/her homework,and the other students listen carefully. Iwill ask you some questions about his/her homework. S1:...T:How far is it from his home to his grandparents’ home?S2:...T:How does he get to his grandparents’ home? 1 S3:... T:How long does it take? S4:... Step 2 Presentation 1. Show the pictures to the students. T:(picture 1)Look at the picture. In big cities,it’s easy to go somewhere. We can go bybike/train/subway... (picture 2)But in this village,it’s difficult for the villagers to go somewhere.There is a big river between the village and the town. How do they cross the river? Can youguess? Ss:(picture 3)They can take a boat. T:No,they can’t. The river runs too quickly for boats. Ss:They can cross the bridge. T:No,they can’t. There isn’t a bridge. OK,let me tell you how they cross the river. First,of course,they walk. Then,they go on a ropeway to cross the river like that in picture 4. Look atthe two boys. Do you think they are afraid? Ss:No,they aren’t.T:(picture 5)But it’s their dream to have a bridge. Can their dream come true?Ss:...2. Teach the new words and phrases:cross,river,many,village,between,bridge,boat,ropeway,year,afraid,like,villager,leave,dream,true,between...and...,come true. (板书新单词及短语)Step 3 Reading1. Read the passage in 2b and answer the questions.(1)Read Paragraph 1 and answer the following questions.①How do the students in the village go to school? ②Why do they go to school like this? Answers:①They go on a ropeway to cross the river to school. /On a ropeway. 2 ②Because there is a big river but no bridge and the river runs too quickly for boats. (2)Read Paragraph 2 and answer the following question. Why does Liangliang like his school? Answer:Because he loves to play with his classmates,and he loves his teacher. (3)Read Paragraph 3 and answer the following questions. ①What is the villagers’ dream? ②What do you think we can do to help them? ③Do you think their dream can come true? Why? Answers:①To have a bridge. /Their dream is to have a bridge. ②I think we can donatemoney to them to build a bridge. ③Yes,I do. Because they will have our help. 2. Let the students choose the best title for the passage in 2b. Answer:B 3. Read the passage again. Complete the sentences in 2c. Answers:go,cross,afraid,love,play,difficult,bridge,true 4. Let the students read aloud after the recording and then read by themselves. The teachercan correct the pronunciation mistakes if there are any. 5. Let the students read the passage paragraph by paragraph,and find some expressions ingroups. The teacher watches,listens and helps the students research the common problems. Let thestudents make some sentences with these expressions. 6. Work in groups. Translate the phrases into English. 一个11岁的男孩an/one 11-year-old boy 和……玩耍play with 在……和……之间between...and... 对许多学生来说for many students 滑铁索过河上学go on a ropeway to cross the river to school 害怕be afraid 像be like 离开村庄leave the village 实现come true 7. Read and think. (1)For many students,it is easy to get to school. [It’s easy (for sb.) to do sth. ](it在句中作形式主语,真正的主语是动词不定式to do sth.)=To get to school is easy for manystudents. It is their dream to have a bridge. =To have a bridge is their dream. (2)“There is a very big river between their school and the village. ”是There be句型,表示“某地存在某物”,通常译为“在……(地方)有……(东西)”。 There are many flowers in the garden. 花园里有许多鲜花。 (3)an/one 11-year-old boy一个11岁的男孩(连字符中间的名词用单数形式) (4)“He’s like a father to me. ”一句中’s是is的缩写,be like意为“像……一样”,其中like为介词,其后可接名词、代词或动词-ing形式。The volunteer teachers are like elder brothers and sisters to us.志愿教师对我们就像大哥哥、大姐姐一样。(5)“Can their dream come true? ”一句中come true为固定短语,意为“实现,成为现实”,其主语通常为dream(梦想)等名词。3I’m sure our dream can come true.我相信我们的梦想能实现。(6)“They have to cross...”一句中have to后接动词原形,意为“必须,不得不”,是指因客观条件限制而“必须”做某事。have to有(有/没有)人称、数和时态的变化;变否定句或疑问句时要(要/不要)借助助动词do,does等;must意为“必须”时,侧重主观意愿,没有(有/没有)人称和数的变化,直接在其后加not构成否定句或将must提至句首构成一般疑问句。8. If time permits,the students can try to retell the passage according to the chart.Step 4 Writing1. Read the e-mail in 3a. Fill in the blanks with the words in the box.Answers:get to,leave,walk,kilometers,takes,boring2. Answer the questions in 3b and write down the answers.Answers will vary.3. Write an e-mail to Tom with the answers you write down in 3b to tell him how you get toschool.Step 5 SummaryIn this lesson,we have learned:1. New words:cross,river,many,village,between,bridge,boat,ropeway,year,afraid,like,villager,leave,dream,true. 2. Phrases:between...and...,come true.3. Sentence structures:Do you walk or ride a bike?For many students,it is easy to get to school.There is a very big river between their school and the village.It is their dream to have a bridge.Can their dream come true?当堂达标(见导学案“当堂达标”)答案与解析:Ⅰ. 1. between,and between...and...为固定搭配,意为“在……和……之间”。2. There is a bridge 表示“在某处有某物”用“There be+名词+其他. ”句型。3. 10-year-old girl “10岁的”为一个复合形容词,其 结构为“数词+连字符+名词单数+连字符+形 容词”。4. on foot,by bike 由句子结构可知,此处缺少方式状语,所以用介词短语。5. to swim 该句句式为“It’s+形容词+to do sth. ”,其中it为形式主语,动词不定式短语to dosth. 作真正的主语。6. come true come true为固定短语,意为“实现”。情态动词can后接动词原形。 4Ⅱ. 1. C by bike意为“骑自行车”;on foot意为“步行”。2. Ccross the river 意为“过河”。3. B“It takes sb. some time to do sth. ”是固定句型,意为“做某事花费某人一些时间”。4. A修饰不可数名词homework要用much,修饰可数名词复数books要用many,故选A。5. Bbe afraid of为固定短语,意为“害怕……”,故填介词of。6. C根据问句“二十加六十等于多少?”并结合数学知识可知,它们的和是八十,故选C。7. C根据句中的river可推断,应是乘船去学校,故选C。Ⅲ. 1. leaves 由every morning可知该句应用一般现在时;主语为my father,leave应用第三人称单数形式leaves。2. quickly 句意为“你说话太快了,所以我不能写下主要信息”。speak为动词,应用quick的副词形式quickly来修饰。3. villagers’ 句意为“村民们的梦想能实现”。villagers是以s结尾的复数名词,其所有格应在词尾直接加“‘”,意为“村民们的”。4. hours many“很多”,其后跟可数名词复数形式,hour的复数形式为hours。5. across 句意:当你过马路时要当心。go across为固定短语,意为“横穿”,相当于cross。6. like like在此为介词,be like意为“像”。7. to cross 句型“It’s+adj. +for sb. +to do sth. ”意为“对某人来说做某事是……的”。8. bridges 由空格前的two可知,应用bridge的复数形式bridges。9. lives 由wants可知句子用一般现在时,在where引导的宾语从句中,主语David为第三人称单数,故谓语动词live应用第三人称单数形式lives。10. Thanks “Thanks for...”意为“因……而感谢”。Ⅳ. 1. B 由第一段中“I live in Beijing with my family. ”可知约翰一家住在北京,故选B。2. C 由第一段中“My name is John and I am a doctor.” 可知约翰是一名医生,故选C。3. D 由第二段中“I don’t like to walk to school,because it takes me a lot of time. ”可知,艾伦认为步行去上学花费很多时间,故选D。4. D 由第三段中“Now he goes to school by bike every day.”可知,现在艾伦每天骑自行车去上学,故选D。5. A 由第一段中“I have a brother and he is Alan. He studies in No. 2 Middle School.”可知,艾伦是一名学生,A项正确;由第一段中“I live in Beijing with my family.”可知B项错误;由第三段中“Then I buy him a new bike. ”可知C项错误;由第一段中“He studies in No. 2Middle School.”可知D项错误。Step 6 Homework1. Retell the story in 2b.2. Revise the words and phrases in UNIT 3.3. Finish Self Check.板书设计 UNIT 3 How do you get to school?Period 4 (Section B 2a-Self Check)cross ropeway Do you walk or ride a bike?river yearFor many students,it is easy to get to school.5many afraid There is a very big river between their school and thevillagelike village.betweenvillager It is their dream to have a bridge.bridge leaveCan their dream come true?boat dreambetween...and... truecome true教学反思 6
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