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人教版初中英语七年级下教学详案UNIT 4 Period 2 (Section A 2a-3c).docx

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人教版初中英语七年级下教学详案UNIT 4 Period 2 (Section A 2a-3c).docx内容摘要: Period 2 (Section A 2a-3c)设计说明本课时仍以听说训练为主,能让学生听懂并描述学校的规章制度,重点学习情态动词can,must和have to的句型结构,通过模仿套用,增加熟练度;在课堂活动中注重设置情景,引导学生从感知到运用再到熟练掌握目标语言,并通过问答、合作交流、自评互评、游戏等教学方法,为学生创造更多体会语言的机会。教学目标 1. 知识目标: (1)掌握单词和短语:outside,wear,important,bring,uniform,quiet;have to。 (2)巩固祈使句的用法;学习情态动词can和can’t表达许可和禁止的用法;学习must和have to的用法。2. 能力目标:提高学生的听说能力,能用所给提示制订相关规则。3. 情感目标:遵守规章制度,培养学生良好的社会公德,提高自身素质,做一名合格的中学生。重点难点1. 重点:(1)本课时词汇。(2)祈使句,can和can’t表达许可和禁止。(3)must和have to的用法。2. 难点:(1)用英语制订有关规则。(2)情态动词can,must和have to的用法。教学准备多媒体课件,2a/2b和2d的音频文件。教学过程Step 1 Revision & Warming up1. Show the pictures to the students. (1)T:Look at picture 1. What does it mean? S1:Don’t talk in the library. /We can’t talk in the library. ... (2)S1:Can we talk in the library? S2:No,we can’t. We mustn’t talk in the library.2. T:We learned some school rules last period. Now let’s check the homework. Who cangive us a report?S1:I can. We can listen to music in the music room,but we can’t listen to music in theclassroom or hallways. We can eat in the dining hall,but we can’t eat in the classroom. 1 S2:... Step 2 Presentation 1. Learn the new words. T:Please look at picture 1. The student is wearing the school uniform. What’s the meaning ofthe word “uniform”in Chinese? Ss:“制服”. T:Good! What about “wear” in Chinese? Ss:“穿着”.Teach the new words:uniform,wear,bring,player,important,quiet,outside. (板书新单词)2. Make sentences.T:Make up some sentences with the words wear,bring and quiet . S1:We must wear the school uniform at school. S2:Don’t bring CD players to school. S3:Please be quiet in the library. Step 3 Listening 1. Work on 2a.Point to the rules in the chart in 2a. Let the students read them aloud and explain somequestions that the students ask. Then ask the students to listen to the recording and check theactivities they hear. Play the recording again for the students to check the answers. Answers:1. √ 2. √ 3. √ 4. √ 5. √ 7. √ 8. √ 2. Work on 2b. Make sure the students know what they should do. Play the tape again,ask the students to listen carefully and circle can or can’t in the chart in2a. Check the answers. Answers:1. can’t 2. can 3. can 4. can’t 5. can 7. can’t 8. can’t3. Ask the students to make a simple report according to the information that they checked(√) and circled. e. g.:They can’t listen to music in the classroom or hallways. Step 4 Pair work 1. Read the conversation in the speech bubbles. 2. Student A is Alan and Student B is Cindy. Talk about the rules in 2a. 3. Ask some pairs to show their conversations. 4. Translate the following phrases into English. 在音乐教室in the music room 在外面听音乐listen to music outside 在教室里吃东西eat in the classroom 在餐厅里吃东西eat in the dining hall 在外面吃eat outside 2 戴帽子wear a hat Step 5 Role-play 1. Make conversations. S1:I’m new here. It’s my first day at school. What are the rules of our school? S2:Well,don’t arrive late for class. S3:We must wear the school uniform on weekdays. ... 2. Read the conversation in 2d,and fill in the chart. Dos Don’tsBe on time. Don’t be late for class.Wear the school uniform.Don’t bring music players to school.Be quiet in the library. 3. Role-play the conversation. 4. Ask the students to list the rules in the conversation. Answers:Don’t be late for class. We must be on time. We can’t bring music players to school. We have to wear the school uniform. We have to be quiet in the library. 5. Find out these phrases in 2d and translate them into Chinese. my first day at school 我在学校的第一天 a lot of rules 许多规则 some of the rules 其中一些规则 be late for class 上课迟到 bring...to...带……到…… have to wear 必须穿/戴be quiet 保持安静Step 6 Grammar Focus Read the Grammar Focus on page 21 , the grammar rules about Modal Verbs on pages110-111 and the Imperative Sentences on page 119. Talk about the following questions:1. 祈使句有什么特点?祈使句的肯定式以动词原形开头,否定式以don’t加动词原形开头。“Don’t fight. ”是否定(肯定/否定)祈使句。Grammar Focus中还有“Don’t run in the hallways. ”是否定祈使句。 2. 情态动词的共同点有哪些? ①情态动词没有(有/没有)人称和数的变化。 ②情态动词不能(能/不能)单独作谓语,其后必须跟动词原形。 ③情态动词后可以(可以/不可以)直接加not构成否定形式,也可以(可以/不可以)直接提至句首构成一般疑问句。 3. can的用法 ①can在本单元主要表示许可,意为“可以”。 —Can we eat in the classroom? 3 我们可以在教室里吃东西吗?—No,we can’t,but we can eat in the dining hall. 不,不行,但我们可以在餐厅里吃。②can还可以表示请求,多用于疑问句。Can you help me with my English?你能帮助我学英语吗?③can表示能力,意为“能,会”。—Can you play the guitar? 你会弹吉他吗?—Yes,I can. /No,I can’t. 是的,我会。/不,我不会。4. have to与must的区别①must表示主观看法,have to强调客观需要。②它们的否定式含义不同:mustn’t表示禁止,意为“不准,决不能”;don’t/doesn’t haveto表示“不需要;没必要”。 ③must没有人称、数和时态的变化;have to有人称、数和时态的变化。 I have to (have to) finish the work today. He has to (have to) finish it,too.—Must (必须) I finish it today?—No,you don’t have to (不需要). You can finish it tomorrow.Step 7 Practice1. Complete 3a. Check the answers.Answers:Don’t eat/We can’t eat/No food in the library.Don’t listen to music/We can’t listen to music/No music in the library.Don’t take photos/We can’t take photos/No photos in the library.2. Give more warning signs and ask the students to know about them.No parking. =People can’t park their cars here.No smoking. =People can’t smoke here. /Don’t smoke here.No fire. =You can’t make fire.No turning. =Don’t turn. =You can’t turn.3. Complete 3b. Check the answers.Answers:Q:Does he have to eat in the dining hall?A:Yes,he does.Q:Can we listen to music in the hallways?A:No,we can’t.Q:Can we wear a hat in the classroom?A:No,we can’t.4. Make up cool rules for your dream school like that in 3c. Share your rules with the class.Your classmates vote for the Coolest School!Step 8 SummaryIn this lesson,we have learned:1. New words:outside,wear,important,bring,uniform,quiet.42. Phrase:have to.3. Sentence structures:Can we bring music players to school?We always have to wear the school uniform.We must be on time for class.Can we wear a hat in class?We don’t have to come to school every day.—Does he have to...? —Yes,he does. /No,he doesn’t.当堂达标(见导学案“当堂达标”)答案与解析:Ⅰ. 1. 在外面吃 2. 戴帽子 3. 许多;大量的 4. 上课迟到5. have to 6. wear a school uniform/wear school uniforms 7. keep/be quiet 8. 按时 9. 在课堂上 10. 其中一些规定 11. dream school 12. don’t/doesn’t have toⅡ. 1. rules 2. hall 3. sorry 4. arrivesⅢ. 1. A put on通常指穿衣的动作;wear和be in通常指穿着衣服的状态;dress指动作,通常接“人”作宾语。句意:学生们在学校必须穿校服。2. B boring“无聊的”;important“重要的”;fun“有 趣的”;easy“容易的”。根据下句“我们必须告诉我们的老师”推断,这个消息很重要,故B项important符合题意。3. A quiet“安静的”;strict“严格的”;kind“友善的”;quick“快速的”。根据题干中的“爸爸正在房间里工作”可推断,此处表示“请保持安静”,故选A。4. B 此句为祈使句,以动词原形开头,排除A、D两项。bring“带来”,常与here连用,bring...here意为“把……带到这儿来”。take“拿走”,take...there意为“把……带到那儿去”。故选B。Ⅳ. 1. can’t 由句意“我们不能在走廊里跑。那很危险”可知,can’t符合句意,故选can’t。2. Don’t 祈使句的否定形式为“Don’t +动词原形...”。3. must 由前句句意“上课不要迟到”可知此处句意为“我们必须准时”。表示“必须”用must。4. mustn’t mustn’t表示“禁止”;don’t have to表示“没有必要”。由句意“你一定不要像那样跟你妈妈讲话”可知,mustn’t符合句意。5. doesn’t 句子主语为she,应在谓语动词前加doesn’t构成否定句。Ⅴ. 1. Listen to 2. be quiet 3. be on time 4. be late for5. fights withⅥ. 1. E 根据答语“是的,你说对了”可推断,所缺的句子是E,该句的含义是“我听说你在育英中学上学”。2. C 根据答语“我们不能上课迟到,不能在课堂上吃东西,不能打架”可知,所缺的句子是C,该句的含义是“你们学校有什么规定?”。3. D 根据答语“No,we can’t.”可知,所缺的问句是D,该句的含义是“你们能在走廊上跑吗?”。4. A 根据答语“Yes,we do...”可知,所缺问句是A。5. B 根据答语“我们不得不打扫教室”可推断,所缺句子是B,该句的含义是“你们还必须做什么事情?”。Step 9 Homework1. Recite the new words.2. Please make new rules for your class.板书设计 5UNIT 4 Don’t eat in class.Period 2 (Section A 2a-3c) outsidewearCan we bring music players to school?important We always have to wear the school uniform.bring We must be on time for class. uniformCan we wear a hat in class?quiet We don’t have to come to school every day. have to教学反思 6
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