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人教版初中英语七年级下教学详案UNIT 8 Period 2 (Section A 2a-3c).docx

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人教版初中英语七年级下教学详案UNIT 8 Period 2 (Section A 2a-3c).docx内容摘要: Period 2 (Section A 2a-3c)设计说明本课时为综合课,通过图文匹配、听力选词、角色扮演、语法总结、看图作答等任务让学生继续学习与巩固There be结构、where开头的特殊疑问句和方位介词。重点是训练学生在真实语境中使用方位介词的能力。通过教学图片或视频资料等让学生分组练习所学语法项目,由机械操练到自由发挥,达到熟练运用所学句型和词汇的要求。教学目标1. 知识目标:(1)掌握单词和短语:across,front,behind,town,around,north;across from,in frontof。(2)掌握句型:—Is there...around here?—Yes,there is.—Are there any...near here?—No,there aren’t.The pay phone is across from/next to/in front of/behind...The pay phone is between...and...—Where’s the bank?—It’s next to the post office.2. 能力目标:学会用There be 句型、where开头的特殊疑问句及介词或介词短语谈论物体间的相对位置。3. 情感目标:学会有礼貌地问路及指路,培养礼貌待人、乐于助人的品质;通过灵活运用问路及指路的交际用语,帮助学生树立学习英语的自信。重点难点1. 重点:(1)There be句型的一般疑问句及肯定与否定答语。(2)where引导的特殊疑问句。(3)方位介词。2. 难点:正确运用介词或介词短语描述物体的相对位置。教学准备多媒体课件,2b和2d的音频文件。教学过程Step 1 Warming up & Leading in1. Daily greetings.2. Revise the sentence “Is there...? ” by checking homework each other. Then practice theconversations in pairs.For example:S1:Is there a post office near your house? 1 S2:No,there isn’t. S1:Is there a hotel near your house? S2:Yes,there is. Step 2 Presentation 1. Show the students some pictures. Have them describe the location of the pay phone,usingthe given prepositions. next tobetween...and... across fromonin front of behind For example: T:Where is the pay phone? S1:It’s next to the library. Correct the students’ pronunciations if there’s something wrong. 2. Read the words and phrases in the pictures and translate them. next to 挨着,靠近 between...and... 在……和……之间 across from 在……对面 on 在……(街/路)上 in front of 在……前面 behind 在……后面3. Let the students read the sentences in 2a together. Then ask the students to match thesentences with the pictures. Write each number in the box. Answers:Picture 1:4 Picture 2:6 Picture 3:2 Picture 4:3 Picture 5:5 Picture6:1 Step 3 Listening 1. Work on 2b. (1)Listen and fill in the blanks with the words in the box. Ask the students to read the wordsin the box before listening. (2)Listen again and check the answers. Answers:1. between 2. across from 3. on 4. next to 5. in front of 6. behind 2. Ask the students to read the sentences. Work in groups. (1)between...and...意为“在……和……之间”,通常表示在两者之间。 My house is between the library and the bank. 我家在图书馆和银行之间。(2)in front of意为“在……前面”,表示在事物外部的前面;in the front of表示在事物内部的前面。There is a river in front of the house.房子前面有条河。 2The teachers’ desk is in the front of the classroom.老师的讲桌在教室前面。(3)across from意为“在……对面”。There is a bank across from the supermarket.在超市的对面有家银行。辨析:across,cross与crossing①across为介词或副词,常与go,walk,run,swim等动词连用。go across穿过walk across 走过②cross为动词,其后可接名词或代词作宾语。They cross the river on a ropeway.他们滑索道过河。③crossing为名词,意为“十字路口”。Turn at the third crossing.在第三个十字路口转弯。(4)next to意为“紧挨着,靠近”。Our classroom is next to theirs.我们的教室紧挨着他们的。The post office is next to the bank.邮局就在银行隔壁。3. Pair workT:Look at the picture in 1a on page 43 and answer my questions.For example:T:Where is the police station?Ss:It’s between the restaurant and the hospital.T:Where is the post office?Ss:It’s on Long Street.…Step 4 Role-play1. Read the conversation in 2d. Then answer the questions.(1)Where does Tony want to go? He wants to go to a bank.(2)Who is new in town? Tony is new in town.(3)Where is the bank? It’s on Center Street.(4)Is there a park near the bank? Yes,the park is across from the bank.2. Find out the sentences in 2d. Translate them into Chinese and explain when to use them.(1)Excuse me. 劳驾。(打扰别人或请求帮助时)(2)How can I help you? 需要我帮忙吗?(主动提出帮助时)(3)Oh,that’s great! 哦,太棒了!(表扬别人或赞同别人时)(4)No problem. 没什么。(回答别人的请求或感谢时)3. Listen to 2d and repeat after the recording.4. Practice the conversation in pairs.5. Role-play the conversation.Step 5 Grammar Focus1. Read and translate the sentences in the chart.2. Talk about the expressions and fill in the blanks. 3 (1)There be结构的含义是(某地)存在某人或某物;There be结构的主语是be动词后面的名词。(2)在There be结构的句子中,主语为可数名词单数或不可数名词时,be动词用is;主语为可数名词复数时,be动词用are;主语为几个并列的名词时,be动词的形式由最靠近它的名词确定,即遵循“就近原则”。(3)无法确定有没有某人或某物时用①“Is there...?” 或②“Are there...?”,如果确定有,但不知在何处时用③“Where is/are the...?”。①和②都属于一般疑问句,肯定答语为“Yes,there is/are.”;否定答语为“No,there isn’t/aren’t.”。③为特殊疑问句,其答语是“……在某地”。 —Are there any pay phones in our school? —Yes,there are. Some are in the teaching buildings and some are in front of the students’apartments. “我们学校里有付费电话吗?”“是的,有。一些在教学楼里,一些在学生公寓前面。” —Where are the pay phones?—They’re in front of the students’ apartments.“付费电话在哪里?”“在学生公寓前面。”Step 6 Practice1. Fill in the blanks with “be”.It’s a beautiful Sunday. There are lots of people in the park. They are playing happily. A boyis playing the guitar under a tree. On the square,there are many people dancing. Are there anykids in the park? Yes,they are playing here and there. There is a lake in the park. There are lots offish in it.2. Look at the map and answer the questions in 3a.Then ask and answer the questions in pairs.Answers:(1)It’s between the hospital and the post office.(2)Yes,there’s one across from the police station. (3)It’s on North Street next to the police station. (4)It’s on New Street next to the bank. (5)No,there isn’t. There’s one on New Street. 3. Look at the map in 3a and write three sentences. Then ask some students to read theirsentences in class. Answers:(1)The restaurant is near the police station. (2)The park is across from the hotel. (3)The hospital is next to the bank. (答案仅供参考) 4. Guessing game Ask the students to look at the picture in 1a on page 43. Then ask the students to name all theplaces in the picture. Have the students work in groups. One student chooses a place in the pictureof 1a,but he/she doesn’t tell anyone which place it is. The others ask questions like those in theactivity in 3c until they guess which place it is. Several students can take turns to choose the place,and the others will guess. Step 7 Summary In this lesson,we have learned: 1. Words and phrases:across,front,behind,town,around,north;across from,in frontof4 2. Sentence structures:—Is there...around here? —Yes,there is. —Are there any...near here? —No,there aren’t. The pay phone is across from/next to/in front of/behind... The pay phone is between...and... —Where’s the bank? —It’s next to the post office.当堂达标(见导学案“当堂达标”)答案与解析:Ⅰ. 1. B young“年轻的”;new“新的”;sorry“同情”;afraid“害怕”。分析语境,这是一个问路和指路的对话,故new符合语境。空格所在句句意:我新来到这座城市。故选B。2. Dpay some money for sth. 为固定用法,意为“花费一些钱买某物”。故选D。3. B in front of“在……前面(外部)”;in the front of“在……前部(内部)”;at the endof“在……末 端”;at the back of“在……后面”。根据本题语境可知,那个男孩视力不好,所以他坐在教室的前面,故选B。4. C 句意:光透过窗户进来了。此处要填介词,cross是动词,先排除。across表示“从表面穿过”;through表示“从内部穿过”;over表示“从上方翻越”。所以表示“穿过、透过窗户”要用through和window搭配,故选C。5. A 根据答语中的“我们每月到户外学习一两次”可知,空格处用肯定答语。“Is there...? ”的肯定回答是“Yes,there is. ”。故选A。Ⅱ. 1. Where are2. far from 3. aren’t any 4. Are there any 5. No,there isn’t 6. in front ofⅢ. 1. Where,hospital 2. across from 3. in front of 4. near here 5. not far fromⅣ. 1. to next to意为“紧邻,靠近”。2. in in the neighborhood意为“在附近”。3. between between...and...意为“在……和……之间”。4. fromacross from意为“在……对面”。5. on “介词on+街道名”表示“在……街”。Ⅴ. 1~5 BDAECStep 8 Homework1. Copy the new words and phrases twice.2. Write a short passage to describe your neighborhood.(1)What are the buildings there?(2)Where are they?板书设计UNIT 8 Is there a post office near here?Period 2 (Section A 2a-3c)across from Is there...? Yes,there is. /No,there isn’t. in front ofAre there...? Yes,there are. /No,there aren’t. behind Where is/are+the...?townIt’s/They’re... 5 aroundnorth between...and...教学反思6
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