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人教版初中英语七年级下教学详案UNIT 8 Period 4 (Section B 2a-Self Check).docx

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发表于 2022-11-24 09:49:34 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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人教版初中英语七年级下教学详案UNIT 8 Period 4 (Section B 2a-Self Check).docx内容摘要:Period 4 (Section B 2a-Self Check)设计说明本课时是上一课时的延伸,是在学生了解如何用英语问路和指路的基础上,学会如何用文字描述自己居住的社区环境。阅读材料再现了本单元的重点词汇、语法、功能项目,内容丰富,便于帮助学生巩固本单元所学知识;3a的写作训练提供了地图和范文,3b让学生自己绘制社区地图并进行仿写。这一写作任务可与前面的阅读部分联系在一起,让学生学会选取阅读篇章中有用的句型和表达,丰富自己的写作内容。通过写与练的结合,巩固所学知识。教学目标1. 知识目标:(1)掌握单词和短语:neighborhood,spend,monkey,climb,road,often,air,sunshine,free,enjoy,easily,money;spend time,enjoy reading。(2)掌握句型:I like to spend time there on weekends.I love to watch the monkeys climbing around.To get there,I usually.../you just have to...The best things in life are free!It is very quiet and I enjoy reading there.You can get to the library easily.(3)阅读课文2b。学会描述自己的街区。2. 情感目标:学会关注他人,关注社会,热爱生活。重点难点1. 重点:本课时新单词、短语及句式表达。2. 难点:(1)对方位介词的理解与正确运用;指路的表达方式。(2)spend,watch,enjoy等动词的用法以及动词不定式to do sth. 作目的状语的用法。教学准备多媒体课件,2b的音频文件。教学过程Step 1 Warming up & Revision1. Talk about the neighborhood freely.For example:T:Look at the picture in 1b on page 46. Ask and answer questions about it in pairs.A:Is there a supermarket near here?B:Yes,there is. Go along Bridge Street and...2. Check the homework.T:Now please take out your homework. Look at 2a and check(√) the places near yourhome. Tell your partner where they are.S1:There is a supermarket near my home. It’s on Center Street. It’s not far from my home.And there is a...Step 2 Presentation1 1. Ask the students to try to pronounce the new words one by one , and then the teachercorrects it. T:Please look at the new words. Let’s find out whose pronunciation is the best. 2. Read and translate the following words and phrases into Chinese. (1)enjoy 享受;喜爱 (2)easily 容易地(3)road 路(4)spend 花(时间、钱等)(5)climb 爬(6)often 时常;常常(7)air 空气(8)money 钱(9)sunshine 阳光(10)free 免费的(11)monkey 猴子(12)spend time 花时间 (13)enjoy reading 喜欢阅读 (14)neighborhood 街区;街坊 Step 3 Reading 1. Fast reading. Read the passages. Match each passage with a map. Answers:Anna 2,John 3,Lisa 1 2. Careful reading.The teacher asks the students to read the passages after the recording and answer thequestions in 2c. Answers:1. She likes watching the monkeys climbing around in the zoo. 2. Yes,she does. Anna thinks that when the monkeys fight,they look like her and her friends. 3. He likes to exercise at the park. 4. Answers will vary. 5. Lisa walks to the library. She goes down North Road and then turns left. The library isacross from the park. 3. Read the passages,find out the following phrases,and then translate them into Chinese. (1)in my neighborhood 在我家附近 (2)on weekends 在周末(3)look like 看上去像(4)get there 到那儿(5)walk out 步行外出(6)walk along 沿着……走(7)clean air 洁净的空气(8)in life 在生活中(9)be free 免费(10)get to 到达(11)go down 沿着……走Step 4 Group work 2 Discuss the language points. (1)spend意为“花费”,既可以指花费时间,也可以指花费金钱。它的常用结构为“某人+spend(s)+时间/金钱+on sth. ”或“某人+spend(s)+时间/金钱+doing sth. ”。 He often spends much money on/buying books. 他经常花费很多钱买书。 (2)watch sb. /sth. doing sth. 意为“观看某人/某物正在做某事”;watch sb. /sth. do sth.意为“观看某人/某物做/经常做某事”。类似的动词还有see,hear,notice(注意)等。They are watching us playing soccer.他们在看我们踢足球。We often watch them play soccer.我们经常看他们踢足球。(3)enjoy后的动词要用-ing形式,即enjoy doing sth.,表示“喜欢做某事;享受做某事所带来的愉悦和乐趣”。I enjoy reading on rainy days but my sister enjoys sleeping.在下雨天我喜欢读书而我姐姐喜欢睡觉。Step 5 Writing1. Work on 3a.T:Look at the map of Cindy’s neighborhood in 3a and fill in the blanks. Answers:library;supermarket;post office,library;park;hotel 2. Ask the students to read the passage aloud for three or five minutes. Then ask somestudents to retell the passage. 3. Work on 3b. T:Boys and girls,please draw a map of your neighborhood and write about it with the helpof the questions in 3b. Then ask a student to draw on the blackboard and talk about it. Step 6 Self Check 1. Complete the passage with the words in the box in Exercise 1. Answers:free;enjoy;climbing/climb;spend 2. Have the students work in small groups to make sentences using “there is/are”. Answerswill vary.3. Give the students enough time to make conversations. Then ask some of them to role-playthe conversations. Step 7 Summary In this lesson,we have learned:1. Words and phrases:neighborhood,spend,monkey,climb,road,often,air,sunshine,free,enjoy,easily,money;spend time,enjoy reading.2. Sentence structures:I like to spend time there on weekends.I love to watch the monkeys climbing around.To get there,I usually.../you just have to...The best things in life are free!It is very quiet and I enjoy reading there.You can get to the library easily.当堂达标(见导学案“当堂达标”)答案与解析: 3Ⅰ. 1. playing watch sb. doing sth. 意为“观看某人正在做某事”;watch sb. do sth. 意为“观看某人做某事”。由“Look! ”可知此处应表示正在发生的动作,故用watch sb. doing sth. ,应填playing。2. To getto get to school为动词不定式短语,在句中作目的状语。3. playing enjoy doing sth. 为固定搭配,意为“喜欢做某事”。4. easily easily为副词,修饰谓语动词。5. shopping go shopping为固定短语,意为“去购物”。6. exercising spend...doing sth. 为固定搭配,意为“花费……做某事”。7. monkeys 根据be动词are可知用复数形式。Ⅱ. 1. neighborhood2. town a noisy neighborhood of a small town意为“一个小镇的热闹的街区”。3. across across from意为“在……对面”;“My houseis across from a hotel on CenterStreet. ”意为“我家在中心街上,在一家旅馆对面”。4. between between...and...意为“在……和……之间”;“There is a post office between myhouse and a restaurant. ”意为“在我家和一家餐馆之间有一家邮局”。5. free be free意为“有空的;空闲的”;该处意思为“星期天当我有空的时候”。6. air the clean air意为“洁净的空气”。7. sunshine warm sunshine意为“温暖的阳光”。8. enjoy enjoy意为“享受;喜欢”;“But I enjoy the library best. ”意为“可是我最喜欢图书馆”。9. reading “spend some time doing sth.”为固定用法, 意为“花费时间做某事”;“I spendlots of time reading books there. ”意为“我花很多时间在那里 读书”。10. money 前面已经交代过书是免费的;“I don’t need to spend money on the books. ”意为“那些书我不需要花钱”。Ⅲ. 1. B 上文中提到了“你可以乘坐出租车或地铁”,空格后答语意为“大约40元。乘地铁只需要4元”。由此可推断,所缺的句子是B,意为“乘坐出租车要花多少钱?”。2. C 上文中提到了“我最好乘地铁去那里”,下文中提到了“Center Street”,由此可推断所缺的句子是C,意为“你应该先步行到格林路,然后乘地铁去中心大街”。3. A 根据答语中“大约步行5分钟的距离”可推断,所缺的问句是A,意为“从中心大街的地铁站到电影院有多远?”。4. D 根据上下文可知,所缺的句子是D,意为“沿着中心大街走,它就在这条街的左边”。Ⅳ. 1. D 根据第二段中的“It is a beautiful little town...”可知,Xiangshan City是一个小镇,故答案为D。2. A根据第三段中的“There is an interesting old building across from the hotel...Now it is astore for books and videos. ”可知,卖书和录像带的商店在宾馆对面,故答案为A。3. B 根据第三段中的“It is nice and quiet...”可知,那个公园又漂亮又安静,故答案为B。4. D 根据最后一段中的“Look at the old buildings and interesting little stores on this street. ”可知,这条街上有一些古老的建筑和有趣的小商店,故答案为D。5. C 本文是关于Xiangshan City的介绍,故答案为C。Ⅴ. 1. B 根据设空后的“我喜欢夏天在公园里散步”可推断,在“我”住的公寓前面,有一个小公园,所缺的内容是B。2. E 根据设空后的“这里有新鲜的蔬菜、水果和肉”可推断,“我”会经过一个大市场,所缺的内容是E。 43. C 根据设空后的“有鞋店、服装店、美食店等”可推断,马路两边有许多商店,所缺的句子是C。4. A 根据设空前的bus stop和设空后的It’s very cheap可知,所缺的句子是A,意为“只花两元钱你就可以(坐公共汽车)去几乎任何地方”。Step 8 Homework1. Revise the words,phrases and sentences in this unit.2. Retell 2b.板书设计UNIT 8 Is there a post office near here? Period 4 (Section B 2a-Self Check)neighborhoodmonkeyI like to spend time there on weekends.enjoy easilyI love to watch the monkeys climbing around.roadspend To get there,I usually.../you just have to...climb often The best things in life are free!air freeIt is very quiet and I enjoy reading there.money sunshineYou can get to the library easily.教学反思5
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