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人教版初中英语七年级下教学详案UNIT 11 Period 4 (Section B 2a-Self Check).docx

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人教版初中英语七年级下教学详案UNIT 11 Period 4 (Section B 2a-Self Check).docx内容摘要:Period 4 (Section B 2a-Self Check)设计说明本课时是对本单元目标语言的综合运用。通过信件阅读和写作让学生进一步检验学习效果和知识巩固效 果;阅读部分通过对比来总结两名作者关于同一次旅行经历的不同感受,培养学生的阅读策略和对比分析能力;通过模仿写作,提高自己的语言表达和运用能力。教师应做好指导工作,让学生学会如何自学,真正提高自学能力。教学目标 1. 知识目标: (1)掌握单词和短语:exciting,lovely,expensive,cheap,slow,fast,robot,guide,gift,everything,interested,dark,hear;all in all,be interested in。 (2)读懂有关旅行的日记。2. 能力目标:(1)学会运用一般过去时态描述和评价自己的旅行;并学会写英文日记,介绍过去发生的事情。(2)通过阅读两篇旅行日记,培养阅读理解能力及对知识的运用能力。3. 情感目标:交流旅行心得,了解他人;通过对旅行活动的回忆使自己更加热爱生活。重点难点1. 重点:(1)本课时所学词汇。(2)读懂有关旅行的两篇日记。2. 难点:学写旅行日记。教学准备多媒体课件及与新学词汇lovely,expensive,slow,fast,gift等相关的图片,2b的音频文件。教学过程Step 1 Warming up & Leading in1. Talk freely like this:T:How was your school trip?S1:It was great.T:What did you do on your last school trip?S1:I visited a museum and a fire station.T:Did you take photos?S1:Yes,I did.T:What do you think of the people there? S1:They were friendly. ... 2. T:OK. Check your homework. Can you read the new words? Look at the screen. Read andgive their Chinese meanings. Step 2 Presentation1 1. Guide the students to give descriptive words. T:What do you think of your last trip?S1:Great. /Not bad. /Excellent. /Exciting. /Terrible...2. Practice.Read the words in 2a and put a √ for good and an × for bad. Leave a blank if they canmean both. (After two minutes,check the answers.) Answers:(仅供参考)Good things:interesting,lovely,exciting,cool,lucky,delicious,greatBad things:difficult,boring,slow,terribleMean both:hot,large,expensive,cheap,fast3. Read the words in 2a and say their Chinese meanings.Step 3 Reading1. Read Helen’s and Jim’s diary entries after the recording and answer the questions in 2b.Check the answers.Answers:1. Yes,they did.2. Helen thinks the trip was exciting. Jim thinks the trip wasterrible. He didn’t like the trip at all.2. Read the diaries again and complete the chart in 2c. How do Helen and Jim describe thesethings?Check the answers.Answers: Helen Jimthe trip excitingterriblethe trainfastslowthe museum really interestingbig,boring,really dark,too many peoplethe gift shop andlovely,not expensive so expensivegifts3. Work in groups of four. Find out the difficult phrases or sentences and talk about them.(小组讨论难理解的短语或句子,教师可作适当讲解或总结)T:Look at the screen. What will we learn in the passages?(1)New words:robot机器人,guide导游,gift礼物,everything一切;所有事物,interested感兴趣的,dark黑暗的,hear听见(2)Phrases:去参加学校郊游go on a school trip,沿途along the way,了解很多关于……learn a lot about...,教某人如何做某事teach sb. how to do sth. ,制作机器人模型make a modelrobot,给某人买某物buy sth. for sb. ,总的说来all in all,令人兴奋的一天an exciting day,乘火车去……take the train to...,对……感兴趣be interested in,太多人too many people,根本不…… not...at all(3)Sentences:①We got there so fast by train. ②Then the guide taught us how to make a model robot. ③Everything was about robots and I’m not interested in that. ④...it was difficult to take photos,so I didn’t take any. 2⑤I didn’t like the trip at all.4. Work in groups.(1)地点副词的用法。there(那里),here(这里),home(家)等,皆为地点副词,前面不能再加介词,如“到达那儿”可以表达为get/arrive there;当get/arrive后接地点名词时,应加介词。What time did you get/arrive home (到家) last night?What time did you get to/arrive at the museum (到博物馆) last Sunday?(2)everything的用法。everything为不定代词,意为“所有事物;一切”,不定代词作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。Everything is (be) free today.Everything starts (start) to grow fast.(3)interested与interesting。 interested是形容词,意为“感兴趣的”,通常用作表语,主语是人,常用短语be interestedin意为“对……感兴趣”。in后可接名词、代词或动词-ing形式。 interesting是形容词,意为“有趣的”,作表语或定语,说明事物本身具有这样的性质或特征。用法类似的词还有exciting/excited,boring/bored等。Most kids are interested in interesting stories. (interest)大部分孩子对有趣的故事感兴趣。We are excited to hear such exciting news. (excite)听到这么令人兴奋的消息我们都很兴奋。The boy is interested (interest) in making (make) model robots.这个男孩对制作机器人模型感兴趣。(4)too many,too much,much too的区别。too many意为“太多”,后接可数名词复数;too much也意为“太多”,后接不可数名词;much too意为“太”,后接形容词或副词。用too many,too much或much too补全句子。①There are too many cars on the street. The street is much too crowded. 街道上有太多汽车。街道太拥挤了。②Eating too much meat is not good for health.吃太多肉对身体健康有害。(5)It’s+adj. +for sb. to do sth. 句型。在此结构中,it作形式主语,真正的主语是动词不定式to do sth. ,sb. 是动词不定式的逻辑主语。(6)not...at all的用法。not...at all意为“根本不;一点儿也不”。not与助动词、连系动词be或情态动词连用,构成否定句,at all一般位于句末。Jim isn’t interested in robots at all.吉姆对机器人根本不感兴趣。I don’t like noodles at all. 我一点儿都不喜欢面条。He can’t swim at all. 他根本不会游泳。(7)hear与listen的区别。hear是及物动词,意为“听见;听到”,强调听的结果。listen是不及物动词,后常接介 3词to,意为“听”,强调听的动作。 He listened carefully but still couldn’t hear anything. 他仔细地听了但还是不能听到任何东西。(8)疑问词how,what,where,when等与动词不定式to do sth. 连用,可作主语、表语、宾语等。He taught me how to use (use) the computer.他教我如何使用电脑。 Can you tell me what to do (do) next? 你能告诉我接下来该做什么吗? 5. Read and retell the passages. Step 4 Writing 1. T:Boys and girls,Bob had a school trip yesterday. He took many photos of the trip. Now look at the pictures of his school trip in 3a,complete his diary entry and answer thequestions. (1)Where did Bob go? He went to the zoo. (2)How did he go there? He took a bus to go there. (3)What did he see? He saw many animals.(4)What did he do there? He took some photos and bought some gifts.(5)How was Bob’s trip? It was great.Complete this diary entry.Answers:interesting;animals;gift shop;gifts2. T: Linda is Bob’s classmate. She also went to the zoo. Please read her diary in 3b andcomplete it.(After two minutes,check the answers.)Answers:terrible;saw many animals;the gift shop,they were expensive3. T:OK. Look at the diaries in 3a and 3b carefully. How do you write an English diary for atrip? Please talk about it in groups. (1)What was the date? (2)Where did you go? (3)How did you go there? (4)Who did you go with? (5)How was the weather/food/trip? (6)What did you see? /What did you do? T:Please write a diary entry for your own school trip. Step 5 Self Check 1. Exercise 1 Write more verbs and their past forms in each group. (Answers will vary.) 2. Exercise 2 Complete the conversations with the correct forms of the verbs in the box. 4 Answers:1. was;was;did,do;fed;swam 2. Did,have;Did,go;went;was,saw Step 6 Summary In this lesson,we have learned: 1. New words:exciting,lovely,expensive,cheap,slow,fast,robot,guide,gift,everything,interested,dark,hear2. Phrases:all in all,be interested in3. How to read and write a diary entry for the school trip.当堂达标(见导学案“当堂达标”)答案与解析:Ⅰ. 1. expensive 根据“汤姆没有买那本字典”可知是“因为它很贵”,故填expensive,expensive意为“昂贵的”。2. guide guide意为“导游”,根据句意“带领他们参观了博物馆”可知答案是guide。3. lovely lovely意为“可爱的”,a lovely dog意为“一只可爱的狗”。4. dark dark意为“黑暗的”,由句意“在房间里我看不到东西”可知填dark。5. exciting exciting意为“令人兴奋的”,根据句意“今天我遇见了一位老朋友,真是 一天”可知填exciting。Ⅱ. 1. goeseverything为不定代词,在从句中作主语,谓语动词用单数形式。2. to climb 此句为固定句式“It’s+adj. +for sb. to do sth. ”。句意:爬上那座山对她来说很困难。3. interested be interested in为固定短语,意为“对……感兴趣”。4. to be “how+动词不定式”作teach的宾语。句意:老师经常教我们怎样当好学生。5. to sing teach sb. to do sth. 意为“教某人做某事”。动词不定式作宾语补足语。Ⅲ. 1. farms,along 2. All in all,exciting 3. too many,to take 4. interested in playing5. doesn’t,at all 6. went on a school tripⅣ. 1. E 设空前提到了“我听说你上周六去游学了”,根据答语“文昌和琼海”可推断,此处所缺的句子是E,该句的含义是“你去哪里了?”。2. D 根据答语“我们先去游览了海文大桥”可推断,此处所缺的句子是询问对方做了什么,选项D符合题意。3. G 根据答语“Of course I have!”可知,此处所缺的句子是以have开头的一般疑问句,即选项G。4. A 根据设空后的“我们都为如此快速的发展而骄傲”可知,所缺的句子是A。5. C 根据答语“哪首歌?”可推断,说话人B说的是“我们还学了一首著名的歌曲”,所缺的句子是C。Step 7 Homework1. Copy and read the new words and phrases.2. Recite 2b.3. Finish Self Check and revise this unit for a test.板书设计UNIT 11 How was your school trip?Period 4 (Section B 2a-Self Check)5lovely expensivecheaprobotexciting guidegift fastslow hearbe interested in everythingdark教学反思6
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